Luxembourg is a tiny kingdom surrounded by Belgium, France and Germany. It's 400,000 inhabitants speak a distinct dialect, neither French or German. At the widest points it only measures 35 miles East to West, and 51 miles North and South, for a total of 999 square miles. The terrain is forested mountains, with many rivers and steep gorges. It features Medieval looking walled towns towns with cobblestone streets, and many castles, complete with drawbridges and moats. The Battle of the Bulge was fought here in World War II